1That first covenant between God and Israel had regulations for worship and a place of worship here on earth. 2There were two rooms in that Tabernacle. In the first room were a lampstand, a table, and sacred loaves of bread on the table. This room was called the Holy Place.3Then there was a curtain, and behind the curtain was the second room called the Most Holy Place. 4In that room were a gold incense altar and a wooden chest called the Ark of the Covenant, which was covered with gold on all sides. Inside the Ark were a gold jar containing manna, Aaron’s staff that sprouted leaves, and the stone tablets of the covenant. 5Above the Ark were the cherubim of divine glory, whose wings stretched out over the Ark’s cover, the place of atonement. But we cannot explain these things in detail now.
6When these things were all in place, the priests regularly entered the first room as they performed their religious duties. 7But only the high priest ever entered the Most Holy Place, and only once a year. And he always offered blood for his own sins and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance.
Here, Hebrew is discussing how the new covenant established by Christ is so much superior to the first or old covenant. Here Hebrews is analyzing the major features of worship and sacrifice in Israel's religion. They also mention the Ark of the Covenant, this was the most sacred furnishing in the whole tabernacle. The ark represented God's very presence. The high priest would offer blood for the sins of himself and his people. Under the new covenant, the blood shed by Jesus himself replaces that need.
8By these regulations the Holy Spirit revealed that the entrance to the Most Holy Place was not freely open as long as the Tabernacle and the system it represented were still in use.
9This is an illustration pointing to the present time. For the gifts and sacrifices that the priests offer are not able to cleanse the consciences of the people who bring them.10For that old system deals only with food and drink and various cleansing ceremonies—physical regulations that were in effect only until a better system could be established.
Christ Is the Perfect Sacrifice
11So Christ has now become the High Priest over all the good things that have come. He has entered that greater, more perfect Tabernacle in heaven, which was not made by human hands and is not part of this created world. 12With his own blood—not the blood of goats and calves—he entered the Most Holy Place once for all time and secured our redemption forever.
13Under the old system, the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer could cleanse people’s bodies from ceremonial impurity. 14Just think how much more the blood of Christ will purify our consciences from sinful deeds so that we can worship the living God. For by the power of the eternal Spirit, Christ offered himself to God as a perfect sacrifice for our sins.
The above scriptures go on to tell us that the blood sacrifices of the priests could only cleanse us from the sins having to do with food and drink and some physical things. The blood of Christ who is not the ultimate High Priest covered all of our sin, he purifies us completely and once and for all. We do not have to keep going back and offering new sacrifices. Once again, they simply repeat the differences between all they had to go through for forgiveness compared to what we have now under the new covenant.
15That is why he is the one who mediates a new covenant between God and people, so that all who are called can receive the eternal inheritance God has promised them. For Christ died to set them free from the penalty of the sins they had committed under that first covenant.
Jesus' function is so that we can receive the eternal inheritance of God and be set free from the penalty of sin that was not covered before he died on the cross.
16Now when someone leaves a will, it is necessary to prove that the person who made it is dead. 17The will goes into effect only after the person’s death. While the person who made it is still alive, the will cannot be put into effect.
18That is why even the first covenant was put into effect with the blood of an animal. 19For after Moses had read each of God’s commandments to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, along with water, and sprinkled both the book of God’s law and all the people, using hyssop branches and scarlet wool. 20Then he said, “This blood confirms the covenant God has made with you.” 21And in the same way, he sprinkled blood on the Tabernacle and on everything used for worship. 22In fact, according to the law of Moses, nearly everything was purified with blood. For without the shedding of blood, there is no forgiveness.
Sin is opposition and rebellion toward God and his standards. God's perfect character requires the most extreme penalties for those opposed to his standards, death and separation from him. Forgiveness is only provided at the cost of life. But imperfect sacrifices can no permanently remove sin. Even with our own lives we are not worthy to pay the price. Only God himself could provide a sacrifice that would satisfy his perfect justice. That provision was through his Son, Jesus Christ.
23That is why the Tabernacle and everything in it, which were copies of things in heaven, had to be purified by the blood of animals. But the real things in heaven had to be purified with far better sacrifices than the blood of animals.
24For Christ did not enter into a holy place made with human hands, which was only a copy of the true one in heaven. He entered into heaven itself to appear now before God on our behalf. 25And he did not enter heaven to offer himself again and again, like the high priest here on earth who enters the Most Holy Place year after year with the blood of an animal. 26If that had been necessary, Christ would have had to die again and again, ever since the world began. But now, once for all time, he has appeared at the end of the age to remove sin by his own death as a sacrifice.
27And just as each person is destined to die once and after that comes judgment, 28so also Christ was offered once for all time as a sacrifice to take away the sins of many people. He will come again, not to deal with our sins, but to bring salvation to all who are eagerly waiting for him.
Under the old covenant, the Israelites watched and waited for the high priest to reappear after he had gone into the inner sanctuary to make atonement for their sins with the sacrifice of blood. Followers of Christ know that their high priest has entered the heavenly sanctuary as their advocate. Followers of Christ can focus on the hope for his reappearing and complete salvation and that they will be taken to be with him forever in Heaven.