Hebrews Chapter 7
Melchizedek Is Greater Than Abraham
1This Melchizedek was king of the city of Salem and also a priest of God Most High. When Abraham was returning home after winning a great battle against the kings, Melchizedek met him and blessed him. 2Then Abraham took a tenth of all he had captured in battle and gave it to Melchizedek. The name Melchizedek means “king of justice,” and king of Salem means “king of peace.”
I am going to copy and paste the commentary directly from the Fire Bible Study notes that I have. They explain this far better than any wording I could give.
7:1 MELCHIZEDEK. Melchizedek, who lived during the same time as Abraham (the forefather of the Jews), was a Canaanite king of Salem (probably the same city that is later known as Jerusalem) and a priest of God (Ge 14:18). Abraham paid tithes (a tenth portion) to him and was blessed by him (vv. 2- 7). The author of Hebrews considered Melchizedek to be a type (i. e., a prophetic symbol or representative) of Jesus Christ in that he filled the unique dual role of both priest and king (v. 3). In the Israelite community of the OT, these two roles were to be kept separate and distinct. But in Jesus, the roles were combined because he is the ultimate, or highest and supreme, Priest and King. Christ’s priesthood is “in the order of Melchizedek” (6:20), meaning that Christ is both before and greater than Abraham, Levi and the Levitical priests (i. e., from the Israelite tribe, or family line, of Levi, from which all OT priests were to come). See chart of OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECIES FULFILLED IN CHRIST.
3There is no record of his father or mother or any of his ancestors—no beginning or end to his life. He remains a priest forever, resembling the Son of God.
Verse 3 is very clear in the symbolism of Melchizedek and who Christ is. Scripture does not record his genealogy or his birth or death. He is a prophetic symbol or representative of our eternal Christ.
4Consider then how great this Melchizedek was. Even Abraham, the great patriarch of Israel, recognized this by giving him a tenth of what he had taken in battle. 5Now the law of Moses required that the priests, who are descendants of Levi, must collect a tithe from the rest of the people of Israel, who are also descendants of Abraham. 6But Melchizedek, who was not a descendant of Levi, collected a tenth from Abraham. And Melchizedek placed a blessing upon Abraham, the one who had already received the promises of God. 7And without question, the person who has the power to give a blessing is greater than the one who is blessed.
8The priests who collect tithes are men who die, so Melchizedek is greater than they are, because we are told that he lives on. 9In addition, we might even say that these Levites—the ones who collect the tithe—paid a tithe to Melchizedek when their ancestor Abraham paid a tithe to him. 10For although Levi wasn’t born yet, the seed from which he came was in Abraham’s body when Melchizedek collected the tithe from him.
11So if the priesthood of Levi, on which the law was based, could have achieved the perfection God intended, why did God need to establish a different priesthood, with a priest in the order of Melchizedek instead of the order of Levi and Aaron?
There is so much to chew on in the scriptures from verse 4-11. One can see why some have though Melchizedek was actually Christ himself rather than a symbol of Christ. I don't have this answer and knowing our all powerful God, it is highly possible. Why else would we tithe to this man and he be the one to bestow blessings on those that did? In verse 8 it states that Melchizedek lives on while other priests die. God established a perfect priesthood because the priesthood of Levi and Aaron could not achieve that perfection. We know from scripture, there is only one perfect man that walked this earth, Jesus Christ. So once again, Melchizedek is either the perfect symbol of Christ to come foreshadowed by God or he is The Christ shown to us very early on. Either way, Jesus Christ is clearly shown through Melchizedek.
12And if the priesthood is changed, the law must also be changed to permit it. 13For the priest we are talking about belongs to a different tribe, whose members have never served at the altar as priests. 14What I mean is, our Lord came from the tribe of Judah, and Moses never mentioned priests coming from that tribe.
Jesus Is like Melchizedek
15This change has been made very clear since a different priest, who is like Melchizedek, has appeared. 16Jesus became a priest, not by meeting the physical requirement of belonging to the tribe of Levi, but by the power of a life that cannot be destroyed. 17And the psalmist pointed this out when he prophesied,
“You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.”
18Yes, the old requirement about the priesthood was set aside because it was weak and useless.
According to OT law, the priesthood was to be fulfilled by the family line of Levi. Neither Melchizedek nor Jesus came from that line. Jesus descended from the line of Judah, his claim to priesthood was not based on human regulations or ancestry, but on the power of eternal life. So this God appointed priest of the OT that is not following human law is very clearly and example of the God appointed priest that we call Jesus Christ.
19For the law never made anything perfect. But now we have confidence in a better hope, through which we draw near to God.
20This new system was established with a solemn oath. Aaron’s descendants became priests without such an oath, 21but there was an oath regarding Jesus. For God said to him,
“The lord has taken an oath and will not break his vow:
‘You are a priest forever.’”
As stated above, nothing is made perfect by the law, although it is holy and good. Yet it could not make people right with God, so that made the law imperfect. The law was meant to prepare people for a better hope, Jesus Christ. God says that Jesus is a priest forever. This was a new system established for us as believers, we would always have the ultimate priest to go to and only through Jesus Christ could we have complete confidence in that "better hope". This was an oath given down from God. Aaron's decendants became priest without such an oath.
22Because of this oath, Jesus is the one who guarantees this better covenant with God.
The line above speaks for itself
23There were many priests under the old system, for death prevented them from remaining in office. 24But because Jesus lives forever, his priesthood lasts forever. 25Therefore he is able, once and forever, to save those who come to God through him. He lives forever to intercede with God on their behalf.
26He is the kind of high priest we need because he is holy and blameless, unstained by sin. He has been set apart from sinners and has been given the highest place of honor in heaven. 27Unlike those other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices every day. They did this for their own sins first and then for the sins of the people. But Jesus did this once for all when he offered himself as the sacrifice for the people’s sins. 28The law appointed high priests who were limited by human weakness. But after the law was given, God appointed his Son with an oath, and his Son has been made the perfect High Priest forever.
Jesus Christ is the ultimate priest in that he intercedes for us with God the father. In order for him to remain our intercessor we must confess and give up our sin. We can not abandon our relationship with God. His intercession to save completely is for those who come to God through Him. He alone is our mediator, we can not look to angels or dead saints or offer prayers to the Father through them. That is useless and not scriptural.
In Colossians 2:18,19 it says: Don’t let anyone condemn you by insisting on pious self- denial or the worship of angels, saying they have had visions about these things. Their sinful minds have made them proud, and they are not connected to Christ, the head of the body. For he holds the whole body together with its joints and ligaments, and it grows as God nourishes it.
Scripture is clear that we are not to worship angels and that only Christ is the head of the church. So when you want to go to the priest, go to the only perfect priest with all your praise, prayer and requests.