1The old system under the law of Moses was only a shadow, a dim preview of the good things to come, not the good things themselves. The sacrifices under that system were repeated again and again, year after year, but they were never able to provide perfect cleansing for those who came to worship. 2If they could have provided perfect cleansing, the sacrifices would have stopped, for the worshipers would have been purified once for all time, and their feelings of guilt would have disappeared.
3But instead, those sacrifices actually reminded them of their sins year after year.
What an eye opener those verses are. The sacrifices had to be repeated over and over again, year after year. This serves as a reminder of sin vs. the true forgiveness of sin. This is the difference between the "law" and Grace. What a gift we have been given.
4For it is not possible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
The blood of animals was only a temporary provision or atonement (i. e., “covering over”) for the sins of the people. Ultimately, a human was needed to serve as a substitute for humanity
5That is why, when Christ came into the world, he said to God,
“You did not want animal sacrifices or sin offerings.
But you have given me a body to offer.
6You were not pleased with burnt offerings
or other offerings for sin.
7Then I said, ‘Look, I have come to do your will, O God--
as is written about me in the Scriptures.’”
8First, Christ said, “You did not want animal sacrifices or sin offerings or burnt offerings or other offerings for sin, nor were you pleased with them” (though they are required by the law of Moses). 9Then he said, “Look, I have come to do your will.” He cancels the first covenant in order to put the second into effect. 10For God’s will was for us to be made holy by the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ, once for all time.
I am just going to copy and paste from the Fire Bible study notes for this next part because what it says is so good and so full of information.
10:5- 10 SACRIFICE AND OFFERING. This passage quotes from Ps 40:6- 8 to prove that the voluntary and obedient sacrifice of Jesus Christ is far superior to the involuntary animal sacrifices in the OT; see article on THE OLD COVENANT AND THE NEW COVENANT.
10:14 MADE PERFECT FOREVER THOSE WHO ARE BEING MADE HOLY. Christ’s “once- for- all” offering on the cross and its supreme benefit (i. e., perfect salvation for those who receive him) are eternally efficacious, which means that his work has full power to produce the desired result of life transformation. Ultimate, or supreme, salvation is in store for all followers of Christ who are continually being made holy (i. e., morally pure, spiritually whole, separated from evil and set apart for God’s purposes) as they grow in their relationship with God (v. 22; 7:25). The Greek word used here and in v. 10 is a present participle and is translated “made holy.” The tense used puts emphasis on the fact that the perfection is a present and continuous action
11Under the old covenant, the priest stands and ministers before the altar day after day, offering the same sacrifices again and again, which can never take away sins. 12But our High Priest offered himself to God as a single sacrifice for sins, good for all time. Then he sat down in the place of honor at God’s right hand. 13There he waits until his enemies are humbled and made a footstool under his feet. 14For by that one offering he forever made perfect those who are being made holy.
15And the Holy Spirit also testifies that this is so. For he says,
16“This is the new covenant I will make
with my people on that day, says the lord:
I will put my laws in their hearts,
and I will write them on their minds.”
17Then he says,
“I will never again remember
their sins and lawless deeds.”
18And when sins have been forgiven, there is no need to offer any more sacrifices.
Here we are reminded that Jesus put the law in our hearts and minds so that God never has to remember our old sins and lawless deeds once they have been forgiven.
19And so, dear brothers and sisters, we can boldly enter heaven’s Most Holy Place because of the blood of Jesus. 20By his death, Jesus opened a new and life-giving way through the curtain into the Most Holy Place. 21And since we have a great High Priest who rules over God’s house,
Once again, I love the explanation in full of the Fire Bible Study notes. So once again I offer them to you.
SINCE WE HAVE CONFIDENCE. The word “confidence” (Gk parrh e ¯ sia) occurs four times in the book of Hebrews (3:14; 4:16; 10:19; 10:35). Sometimes it means “bedrock belief” (i. e., a solid foundation of faith) or “bold assurance.” Here, however, it indicates a bold (yet humble) freedom and authorized access into “the Most Holy Place” of God’s presence because of “the blood of Jesus.” Such access was not available under the old covenant, except once a year by one man (the high priest). When Jesus died, however, the temple’s curtain was “torn in two from top to bottom” (Mk 15:38), indicating that the barrier to God’s presence had been removed; the way is now open for people to come directly to him through faith in Christ. The curtain symbolized Christ’s body (v. 20) that was torn through his suffering and death, which gave us spiritual freedom and access to God. This means that we can, with gratitude and confidence, constantly come to God in prayer
22let us go right into the presence of God with sincere hearts fully trusting him. For our guilty consciences have been sprinkled with Christ’s blood to make us clean, and our bodies have been washed with pure water.
23Let us hold tightly without wavering to the hope we affirm, for God can be trusted to keep his promise. 24Let us think of ways to motivate one another to acts of love and good works. 25And let us not neglect our meeting together, as some people do, but encourage one another, especially now that the day of his return is drawing near.
Having faith and drawing near to Jesus are inseparable. Our faith is our believing and entrusting our lives to his care and relying on Him for strength. Because of this faith, we are able to draw near and get closer in prayer and companionship with Christ.
26Dear friends, if we deliberately continue sinning after we have received knowledge of the truth, there is no longer any sacrifice that will cover these sins. 27There is only the terrible expectation of God’s judgment and the raging fire that will consume his enemies. 28For anyone who refused to obey the law of Moses was put to death without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.
We are warned in essence not to fall away from our faith or we will learn what is in store for us.
29Just think how much worse the punishment will be for those who have trampled on the Son of God, and have treated the blood of the covenant, which made us holy, as if it were common and unholy, and have insulted and disdained the Holy Spirit who brings God’s mercy to us.
To keep on sinning deliberately after we have received the knowledge of the truth is to be guilty of trampling on Jesus and treating him with contempt.
30For we know the one who said,
“I will take revenge.
I will pay them back.”
He also said,
“The lord will judge his own people.”
31It is a terrible thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
We have been warned not to abandon our faith.
32Think back on those early days when you first learned about Christ. Remember how you remained faithful even though it meant terrible suffering. 33Sometimes you were exposed to public ridicule and were beaten, and sometimes you helped others who were suffering the same things. 34You suffered along with those who were thrown into jail, and when all you owned was taken from you, you accepted it with joy. You knew there were better things waiting for you that will last forever.
35So do not throw away this confident trust in the Lord. Remember the great reward it brings you! 36Patient endurance is what you need now, so that you will continue to do God’s will. Then you will receive all that he has promised.
37“For in just a little while,
the Coming One will come and not delay.
38And my righteous ones will live by faith.
But I will take no pleasure in anyone who turns away.”
39But we are not like those who turn away from God to their own destruction. We are the faithful ones, whose souls will be saved.
Again, I love the Fire Bible Study notes.
MY RIGHTEOUS ONE WILL LIVE BY FAITH. This foundational principle, affirmed four times in God’s Word (Hab 2:4; Ro 1:17; Gal 3:11; Heb 10:38), guides and directs our relationship with God and our participation in the salvation provided through Jesus Christ. (1) The person who continues to rely on God, take him at his Word and follow him faithfully through all circumstances will receive what God promises (v. 36) and will be saved eternally (v. 39 b). Such people are not afraid to approach God with sincere hearts (see v. 22, note). (2) But God adds, “If [anyone] shrinks back [in unbelief], I will not be pleased with him” (v. 38). The person who “shrinks back” is one who stops relying on God and abandons his or her faith by deliberately and continually sinning against God (i. e., defying him and his standards). Such a person is headed for spiritual destruction (v. 39 a), just as the Israelites in the desert (cf. 3)