1And so, dear brothers and sisters who belong to God and are partners with those called to heaven, think carefully about this Jesus whom we declare to be God’s messenger and High Priest. 2For he was faithful to God, who appointed him, just as Moses served faithfully when he was entrusted with God’s entire house.3But Jesus deserves far more glory than Moses, just as a person who builds a house deserves more praise than the house itself. 4For every house has a builder, but the one who built everything is God.5Moses was certainly faithful in God’s house as a servant. His work was an illustration of the truths God would reveal later.
It is surmised that is letter was written to a group of Jewish Christians, new believers. Since most of the Jewish law as we know it was brought to the Jewish people through the books of Moses, it makes sense to make it very clear, the difference between Moses and Jesus. Interestingly enough, at first it appears they are on the same level playing surface as it states both served God faithfully and were entrusted with God's entire house. Then comes the kicker, Jesus built the house, Moses was merely a servant. What a great illustration.
6But Christ, as the Son, is in charge of God’s entire house. And we are God’s house, if we keep our courage and remain confident in our hope in Christ.
So, this new found Savior is in charge of God's house (all of us). These new believers are getting a mental picture of the power that has been instilled into Jesus. Also, you get the feeling that these believers are new Christians bases on the statement, "if we keep our courage and remain confidant in our hope in Christ". As we all know, there should not be an "if".
7That is why the Holy Spirit says,“Today when you hear his voice,
The writer of this book clearly understands that God's word is the of the Holy Spirit, not mere words of human's.
8don’t harden your hearts as Israel did when they rebelled,when they tested me in the wilderness.9There your ancestors tested and tried my patience,even though they saw my miracles for forty years.10So I was angry with them, and I said,‘Their hearts always turn away from me.They refuse to do what I tell them.
’11So in my anger I took an oath:‘They will never enter my place of rest.’”
The recipients of this letter are being clearly reminded what happens when you do ignore the voice of God. The writer actually quotes Psalms 95:7-11 regarding the Israeli's disobedience and the results of it. There is a concern regarding sin and how we are not to harden our hearts and turn away from God because of our own actions. I know many people that stop coming to church and fall farther and farther away because of something they did and feel ashamed of or they are mad at God. Instead of coming to terms with it and asking forgiveness, they turn away. It is very clear that there are many dangers due to turning away from God. "They will never enter my place of rest" is a huge statement that we need to take seriously.
12Be careful then, dear brothers and sisters. Make sure that your own hearts are not evil and unbelieving, turning you away from the living God. 13You must warn each other every day, while it is still “today,” so that none of you will be deceived by sin and hardened against God.
We are taught her that obviously we all can fail. Otherwise why would the author advise us to encourage one another. Not only encourage but to do it every day. We need to be lifted up to God every single day so that we will not be deceived or hardened against God. EVERY DAY!! That is not just an hour long sermon on Sunday morning. We must continue to grow in our relationship with Jesus and make sure we turn away from disbelief and we must guard our own hearts.
14For if we are faithful to the end, trusting God just as firmly as when we first believed, we will share in all that belongs to Christ. 15Remember what it says: “Today when you hear his voice,don’t harden your hearts as Israel did when they rebelled.”16And who was it who rebelled against God, even though they heard his voice? Wasn’t it the people Moses led out of Egypt? 17And who made God angry for forty years? Wasn’t it the people who sinned, whose corpses lay in the wilderness? 18And to whom was God speaking when he took an oath that they would never enter his rest? Wasn’t it the people who disobeyed him? 19So we see that because of their unbelief they were not able to enter his rest.
There is a lot in those last 4 verses. Clearly, we are being told to hold onto the excitement of Christ when we first became a believer and to continue to trust in that faith. We are to continue to share that faith and everything that Christ has done for us. We are reminded once again of the slaves that were delivered from bondage in Egypt. Even after witnessing miracles and experiencing freedom, they still rebelled against God and sinned and lived for themselves. God makes it very clear that is type of behavior is not tolerated. There are consequences for our actions or even lack of our actions. As it states in verse 14, we must be faithful to the end. We must always trust and always share the love of Jesus Christ.